Tag Archives: electron

Element Nucleus Structures, Hydrogen thru Carbon…

Video of the pictures below, saying basically the same thing.

Hydrogen 1,

hydrogenaa2

Helium 4,

After understanding that electron orbitals can compress other electron orbitals, I began to understand the shapes of the other atoms.  Helium 4’s shape, therefore, has its highest stability when the two electrons do not share one orbit, but instead, have their own orbits, parallel to each other, as shown below.  In nature, stability of form is very important.

heliumrevised1

The two orbitals form disks at either end of the nucleus, according to my understanding of my theory.  Please check in on this page from time to time, as I plan to add more elements to the page.  Thank you.

In star formation, Hydrogen fuses together to form Helium.  Then Helium fuses together to form Carbon.  It took me a while to understand that the Atoms above Hydrogen were not all helium derived, but instead, Carbon derivatives.  In other words, they were decay products of Carbon.  Thus they retained some of the Carbon structure, and were able to form very stable nuclei.

Lithium 7

This is our first example of electron orbitals compressing another electron orbital. Not only does it compress the orbital, but it makes the orbital so unstable, that the proton is sensed as still containing a positive charge, or unmarried state.

lithium4bb1

Beryllium 9,

beryllium9bb2

Boron 11,

boronaa2

Carbon 12,

carbon12aa2

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Attracting and Repelling Electron Orbitals

First, I wish to say that I haven’t forgotten my first love, the beauty of nature and people, and I will come back to that.  However, I didn’t want to make another WP site, so I posted these theories here.  I have just a few more to do.  Then I will get back to the other things I love.

In molecule bonding, there are different types of electron behaviors.  In some cases, electron orbitals are seen to repel each other, and at other times they are seen to attract each other.  My Unified Field Theory explains how and why this happens.  In my theory, Protons and Electrons both have poles with north and south charges.  And like spherical magnets, or disk magnets, when they come edge on, to their horizon, or at parallel axii, they attract only if they are inverted from each other.  If they have both their ‘north’ poles pointed up and parallel, then they push away from each other.  No matter what the particles, if they have these strong poles, they will want to attract each other only if one flips and has opposing poles.

This is very important, because it goes to explain why not all combinations of protons and neutrons can form stable atoms, and why some atoms only last a few days or years or millennia.  Eventually, enough energy or stress can cause the poor subatomic attractions to weaken even further and create decay of the atom so that it becomes another atom, or isotope.

The first picture shows the poles of the particles in Electron orbits that are inverted, on the same plane, thus they can attract each other and almost share an orbit.

orbitalza2

The next picture shows the poles of all the particles involved in a system where the orbitals end up repelling each other.

orbitalxa2

You may say that this helps explain molecular bonding or electron orbitals in molecules, but how can this work at the atomic level?  The more stress the electron orbitals create, due to repelling each other, the less stable the atom will be.  The inner protons can move their angles of attraction to neutrons enough so that they can form attracting electron orbitals.  But they can only move so much before the angle is too wide to hold onto the proton-neutron connection.

Now these protons and neutrons have extremely powerful magnetic fields.  And because they are so small, and close together, they can bend quite a lot and remain firmly coupled.  I am currently working on these angles, and on the boron atom.

I believe that eventually, the circular proton-neutron chains will become too flexible to support a stable element.  Thus other types of bonds will come into play, which are proton-neutron-neutron bonds.  Where a proton is connected with two neutrons at the same pole.  If this was not allowed, physically, their would be a limit as to how many elements could form.  Because as each proton and neutron are added to the circular chain, the flexibility of each connection adds more and more flexibility to the whole, and causes reflex in the chain when stressed.  In other words, two links in a silver necklace have very little angle play in which to bend, but many links in a silver necklace allows for curves to form, and many bends until it becomes a graceful silver circle around a beautiful woman’s neck.

I will be working on Boron, but I might have to start at carbon and work my way back.  Wish me luck.  🙂