Tag Archives: Beryllium

Element Nucleus Structures, Hydrogen thru Carbon…

Video of the pictures below, saying basically the same thing.

Hydrogen 1,

hydrogenaa2

Helium 4,

After understanding that electron orbitals can compress other electron orbitals, I began to understand the shapes of the other atoms.  Helium 4’s shape, therefore, has its highest stability when the two electrons do not share one orbit, but instead, have their own orbits, parallel to each other, as shown below.  In nature, stability of form is very important.

heliumrevised1

The two orbitals form disks at either end of the nucleus, according to my understanding of my theory.  Please check in on this page from time to time, as I plan to add more elements to the page.  Thank you.

In star formation, Hydrogen fuses together to form Helium.  Then Helium fuses together to form Carbon.  It took me a while to understand that the Atoms above Hydrogen were not all helium derived, but instead, Carbon derivatives.  In other words, they were decay products of Carbon.  Thus they retained some of the Carbon structure, and were able to form very stable nuclei.

Lithium 7

This is our first example of electron orbitals compressing another electron orbital. Not only does it compress the orbital, but it makes the orbital so unstable, that the proton is sensed as still containing a positive charge, or unmarried state.

lithium4bb1

Beryllium 9,

beryllium9bb2

Boron 11,

boronaa2

Carbon 12,

carbon12aa2

Why Beryllium 8 is unstable, and a new but expected idea of why electron orbitals are so odd.

The stable Isotope of Beryllium is B 9. The extra neutron allows an s1 orbital to form around two protons that come together into a managable attractive electron orbital bond, but this occurs in Beryllium 8 even more successfully. Why is Beryllium 8, then, so unstable it doesn’t last even one second, in fact, it self destructs at 0.00000000000000067 of a second?
I think this very fact gives us a hint at what is going on.
Of course the first two proton pairs, can create a stable orbital bond. But it resonates. And it resonates at an extremely great amplitude because the atoms are truly at a very stable horizontal level. This shrinks their orbital, making it even stronger. However, As the other protons attract electrons, they two form a very tight attractive electron orbital bond. Because of this, it too resonates greatly. Normally, this wouldn’t be a problem. But because it too tries to shrink, and becomes more solid, and resonates even more, it disturbs the first inner electron ring. This causes it to disrupt it, and destroy that first ring. As these rings are constantly being destroyed and rebuilt, the energies build up, and cause so much stress in the beryllium protons in the proton-neutron 8 point ring, that it destroys their bonds to the neutrons. two are held in check, and two protons are released, as would be expected if the smaller ring outlasts the outer ring.
From this we can deduce that outer orbitals can compress inner rings. But more importantly, that the pressures can disturb the proton-neutron chains. We can deduce from this, that the connections inside of the nucleus have to be really strong to withstand the forces that electron orbitals can place on them. Thus their structure has to be very organized, it can’t just be random blobs of neutrons here and protons there. It has to be structured.
And finally, we come to a new truth, that has been staring at us in the face all along. That electrons can always form successful orbitals.
If the structure is sound, and there isn’t undue pressure on the inner ring, then the electrons have no choice but to sling shot away from the nucleus in a cone pattern, instead of around the nucleus in a ring pattern. This would explain why molecules bond in orb regions instead of rings, for the most part.
This also explains why atoms have such a loose electron in its vicinity that it can share or give away to another atom.

My Unified Field Theory Predicting the Beryllium 9 Isotope

In my field theory, Protons mostly repel each other, and mostly bond only with neutrons.  Electrons form ring orbitals at right angles to the axis of protons that they are linked with.  Thus, we have limitations on how easy it is for protons and neutrons to form.

The first atom is of course hydrogen.  It commonly has no neutron, and the electron orbits the hydrogen yet does not fall inwards toward it.  This is explained by the quanta fields surrounding the proton, where inside, we have a doughnut ring with another particle that greatly attracts the electron, thus the proton field pushes against the electron field, but each has a particle that pulls them together.

The next atom is Helium, whose first stable isotope is Helium 3, which is composed of a proton-neutron-proton chain, it is not very abundant. But it is interesting..

Helium3a

The most abundant isotope is Helium 4, which has two protons and two neutrons, and it would look like this:

beryl1a

The next atom is Lithium, which is discussed in the previous post, My Unified Field Theory.  To recap, the most stable configuration of Lithium were two isotopes in ring form.  Lithium 1-5 always have protons touching, very closely, thus none of those were able to form lasting isotopes.  Lithium 6, as helium plus the proton and neutron as a tangent to the helium ring would not work because the bonds are so close together the whole magnetic system forms a ring, it almost imposes a ring formation upon itself.  Lithium 6 as a ring does work.  And Lithium 7, the more abundant lithium isotope is even more stable because the bonds are under less stress at the angles they connect to. No other Lithium isotopes are found to be stable.  This may or may not have to do with the angles in which electron orbital rings cross each other.  If that matters, that would be the final key to understanding Isotope production in the Periodic Table.

Finally we have Beryllium.

We have 3 ways in which to form the most stable isotope, which is Beryllium 9, it has four protons and five neutrons.

Let us first examine the reasons Beryllium 8 decays so quickly.

Beryllium 8 is basically two Helium atoms being pressed together through fusion in stars.

beryl2a

The first combination is one in which no proton is touching as the two come together on their sides, …

beryl3a

As we can see here, one neutron has to be shared by a neutron and a proton, and this is a very weak bond, even among these magnets, this bond is easily broken, more so in the atom where protons actually repel each other.  It is possible the electron rings cross at such an angle that they also create great instability for the atom.  Beryllium 8’s decay particle is actually helium itself, which is an alpha particle.  So it is clear that it is easy to see that if this bond breaks, one of them will definitely be a helium atom, or two protons and two neutrons.

The next configuration is two helium atoms put together in a layer…

beryl4a

Oddly, these neodymium magnets did not hold together very well in this configuration.  All the bonds were weak because they had to bond horizontally instead of from pole to pole.  This layered system fell apart easily, and made a helium atom in the process, just like we see with real world results in alpha decay in Beryllium 8.

The next bonding set up for Beryllium 8 was a ring system….

beryl5a

It is unknown to me why this configuration is unstable.  It is possible that protons are more disk shaped than spherical, just a bit, and my theory proposes just such a situation.  We have here, neutrons between each proton, so none are touching, and the electron orbital rings are at 90 degrees to each other.  If the protons are more doughnut shaped, then perhaps their angles are more limited than we have allowed for them.

The stable Beryllium Isotope is Beryllium 9.  It too is only stable in a ring format.

Beryl6b

Here the proton-neutron bonds are in less stressful bonding angles, and the electron orbital rings are still nearly 90 degrees to each other.  It is interesting to note, that Beryllium 10 has a half life of 1.6 million years, which isn’t too short of a life.  It is possible that the extra neutron is found between the other two neutrons, which would explain why when it decays it throws off a beta particle, which is an electron or anti-electron.  This could indicate that neutrons in a neutron-neutron-neutron bond cause the center neutron to become unstable enough to lose its captured electron, which turns it back into a proton.  This would explain its decay products which are an electron, (or positron, which is just an electron spinning backwards) and boron 10.  Which is composed of 5 protons and 5 neutrons, exactly what would happen if a neutron self destructed in a Beryllium 10 ring.

My proposal is that electron orbitals put great stress on the inner structure of the atomic nucleus.  This limits the angles in which stable pole to pole connections can be formed.  Neutron to neutron binding may cause beta decay.  And proton-proton bonding is very limited, if it even occurs at all, which also goes to limit the angles that these sub atomic particles can bond at.  My theory, so far, helps to predict isotopes in the elements from Hydrogen to Beryllium, and possibly Boron.

I hope you enjoyed this theorizing as much as I did.  Have a great day.  And enjoy your weekend. 🙂